Eastern Box Turtle

Terrapene carolina

IdentificationPhoto by Chris Slesar.

The Eastern Box Turtle has a highly domed carapace (shell covering the back) that is usually 4.5-6 inches long. The carapace is smooth on the rear edge, but it does have a slight mid-dorsal (back) keel. They are highly variable in pattern, but generally the shell has yellow and orange markings on a darker background and the head and the legs are mostly dark and mottled with yellow and orange. The males have orange or red eyes. The plastron is hinged on the anterior side of the bridge, which enables the plastron to bend and the turtle to completely enclose itself in its shell.

Native Box Turtles have four toes on their hind feet, distinguishing them from many of the released Box Turtles, which have three toes on their hind feet.

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Range/Habitat

Eastern Box Turtles are entirely terrestrial and are often in open woods and brushy fields.

Status

Box Turtles in Vermont are generally assumed to be released pets, however a cluster of reports from the southern Connecticut River Valley suggest the possibility of a native population. No young or eggs have been reported. Therefore, this species is classed as hypothetical in the state. Please report all sightings of this species in Vermont. Take photos if possible.

Additional Photos

Photo by Chris Slesar.  Photo by Chris Slesar.  Photo by Chris Slesar.  Photo by Chris Slesar.  Photo by Garret Langlois.  Photo by C. Turner

More Info

Species summary written by Ariel K. Mck. Burgess.