These sources were used in the creation of the original (1995) Vermont Reptile and Amphibian Atlas.

Allen, M. 1988. Rattlers. The Sunday Rutland Herald and the Sunday Times Argus. July 31, 1988. Sec. D, pp. 1, 8.

Anderson, E. 1988. Aspects of Ophidian Thermal Ecology. Senior Thesis, Marlboro College. p. 37.

Arnold, B. 1991. By Heart: Pages From a Lost Vermont. Origin Press, Brattleboro, VT. 79 pp.

Babbitt, L. H. 1936. Soft-shelled turtles of Vermont. Bulletin of the Boston Society of Natural History 78(10):10.

Babcock, H. L. 1938. A Field Guide to New England Turtles. New England Museum of Natural History, Natural History Guides, No. 2. Boston Society of Natural History, Boston, MA. 56 pp.

Barber, O. M. (auditor). 1900. Report of the Auditor of Accounts for Vermont 1899-1900. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Company, Printers, New York, NY. 148 pp.

———-. 1902. Report of the Auditor of Accounts for Vermont 1901-1902. J. B. Lyon Company, Printers, Albany, NY. 211 pp.

Barker, M. W. and M. J. Caduto. 1984. Bufo woodhousii fowleri (geographic distribution). Herpetological Review 15(2):51-52.

Bazilchuk, N. 1992. Researchers Scale Slope for Snakes: Rattlers Elude Biologists. The Burlington Free Press. May 30, 1992. Sec. B, pp. 1-3.

Bearse, R. (editor). 1966. Vermont, A Guide to the Green Mountain State (2nd ed.). Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, MA. 456 pp.

Brownell, T. E. Esq. 1868. Pownal. The Vermont Historical Gazetteer, A. M. Hemenway (ed.) 1(d):217.

Burt, C. E. 1932. Records of some amphibians from the eastern and central United States. The American Midland Naturalist 13(2):75-85.

Cook, F. C. 1984. A review of: Amphibians and reptiles of New England: habitats and natural history. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 98:406-407.

Crother, B. I. (ed.). 2012. Scientific and Standard English Names of Amphibians and Reptiles of North America North of Mexico, With Comments Regarding Confidence In Our Understanding. SSAR Herpetological Circular 39:1-92.

The Daily Free Press, Burlington. 1855. Snakes. June 6, 1855. p. 2, col. 3.

DesMeules, M. and C. Fichtel. 1995. The Status of the Timber Rattlesnake (Crotalus horridus) in the Lake Champlain Watershed of Vermont, 1992-1994. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region 5, Hadley, MA. 19 pp.

DuClos, K. 1976. The History of Braintree Vermont, Volume II, 1883-1975. History Book Committee of Braintree, Braintree, VT. 246 pp.

Dunbar, F. F. 1959. Aunt Polly and the Serpent. In Green Mountain Whittlin’s, Vol. XII, pp. 49-50.

Dunn, E. R. 1937. The New England Salamander. Bulletin of the Boston Society of Natural History 57:23-24.

Eggleston, W. W. 1913. A trip across Vermont by Luigi Castigilioni, an Italian nobleman, in August 1785. Vermont Botanical Club Bulletin 8:21-22.

Ellis, M. W. 1959. Eureka: The First Village In Springfield, Vermont. Historical Committee of Miller Art Center, Springfield, VT. 28 pp.

Fuller, E. 1966. Successful Calamity: A Writer’s Follies on a Vermont Farm. Random House, New York, NY. 239 pp.

Gay, L. 1962. Brandon, Vermont: A History of the Town Dedicated to Its Citizens, 1761-1961. The Town, Brandon, VT. 294 pp.

Gibbs, R. H. Jr. 1957. The Chorus Frog Pseudacris nigrita. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists No. 4, pp. 311-312.

Graham, H. F. (auditor). 1904. Report of the Auditor of Accounts for Vermont 1903-1904. The Tuttle Company, Printers, Rutland, VT. 280 pp.

———-. 1906. Report of the Auditor of Accounts for Vermont 1905-1906. The Tuttle Company, Printers, Rutland, VT. 404 pp.

Graham, T. E. and A. A. Graham. 1997. Ecology of the Eastern Spiny Softshell, Apalone spinifera spinifera, in the Lamoille River, Vermont. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 2(3):363-369.

Graham, T. E., C. B. Cobb, C. E. Crocker and G. R. Ultsch. 1999. Dispersal from and fidelty to a hibernaculum of a northern Vermont population of Common Map Turtles. Canadian Field-Naturalist 114(3):405-408.

Harvey, C. K. and C. M. Kellog (editors). 1941. History of Bristol, Vermont (1762-1940). W. Gail, Omaha, NE. 115 pp.

Hayes, L. S. 1907. History of the Town of Rockingham, Vermont, Including the Villages of Bellows Falls, Saxtons River, Rockingham, with Family Genealogies. The Town of Bellows Falls, VT. 850 pp.

Holbrook, J. E. 1842 (1976). North American Herpetology. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Oxford, Ohio.

Hoopes, I. 1938. Do you know the Mink Frog? New England Naturalist 1:4-6.

Hopson, A. C. 1877. Wells. The Vermont Historical Gazetteer, A.M. Hemenway (ed.) 3:1207.

Huden, J. C. 1971. Archaeology in Vermont; Some Reviews, Supplemented by Materials from New England and New York. C. E. Tuttle Co., Rutland, VT. 107 pp.

Jones, M. B. 1909. History of the Town of Waitsfield, Vermont, 1782-1908, with Family Genealogies. G. E. Littlefield, Boston, MA. 524 pp.

Keller, D. 1995. Amphibian Field Research, Two Sites in Northwest Vermont. Unpublished manuscript. 6 pp.

Kilpatrick, C. W. and C. A. Woods. 1982. Geographic distribution. Herpetological Review 13(1):23-24.

Land, J. 1996. The Snakes of Summer. Vermont Life Magazine. Summer 1996. pp. 24-29.

Le Boutillier, G. T. 1983. A Natural History of Tinmouth, Vermont. Gray Vixen Books, Tinmouth, VT, pp. 68-71.

Lee, W. S. 1955. The Green Mountains of Vermont. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York. 318 pp.

Levin, T. 1987. Backtracking: The Way of a Naturalist. Chelsea Green Publishing Co., Chelsea, VT. 220 pp.

Levin, T. 1991. Castanets of the Ledges. Vermont Magazine. March/April 1991. pp. 53-55, 76.

Lovejoy, E. M. W. 1911. History of Royalton, Vermont with Family Genealogies, 1769-1911. Free Press Printing Co., Burlington, VT. 1146 pp.

Loveridge, A. 1931. Some herpetological records from Vermont. Bulletin of the Boston Society of Natural History 61:15-16.

Mikolas, M. 1995. Nature Walks in Southern Vermont. Appalachian Mountain Club Books, Boston, MA. 358 pp.

Morrill, G. P. 1975. Snow, Stars, and Wild Honey. J.B. Lippincott Co., Philadelphia, PA. 227 pp.

Munsill, Hon. H. 1868. Bristol. The Vermont Historical Gazetteer, A.M. Hemenway (ed.) 1(d):19.

Munsill, H. 1979. Bristol, Vermont: The Early History. Book Committeee, Bristol Historical Society, Bristol, VT. 258 pp.

Pace, A. E. 1974. Systematic and biological studies of the Leopard Frogs (R. pipiens complex) of the United States. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI. No.148. 140 pp.

Parks, J. 1977. Pownal: A Vermont Town’s Two Hundred Years and More. Pownal Bicentennial Committee, Pownal, VT. 119 pp.

Patrons of Husbandry, Broad Brook Grange No. 151. 1961. Official History of Guilford, Vermont, 1678-1961 with Genealogies and Biographical Sketches. Published by the Town of Guilford, VT. 580 pp.

Paul, H. 1869. History of Wells, Vermont for the First Century after its Settlement. Tuttle and Co., Job Printers, Rutland, VT. 154 pp.

Perry, C. 1946. New England’s Buried Treasure, The American Cave Series. Stephen Daye Press, New York, NY. 348 pp.

Petrie, P. 1986. Students: Beware of Snapping Turtles. The Rutland Herald. Aug. 26, 1986. p. 24.

Pfeiffer, B. 1990. Once Hunted for Bounty, VT Rattlers Now Protected – Off the Beat. The Times Argus. May 29, 1990.

Pistorius, A. 1990. Cutting Hill: A Chronicle of a Family Farm. Knopf, New York, NY. 279 pp.

Price, M. D. 1979. A Vermont Viper: When It Rattles – Run! The Rutland Herald. August 9, 1979. p. 21.

Ralin, D.C., Romano, M.A. and C.W. Kilpatrick, 1983. The tetraploid treefrog Hyla versicolor: evidence for a single origin from the diploid H. chrysoscelis. Herpetologica 39(3):212-225.

Rice, A. F. 1895. Vermont Rattlesnakes, a letter to the editor. May 18, 1895. Forest and Stream Magazine 44(20):389.

Romano, M. 1978. Vermont Rattlesnakes. In The Timber Rattlesnake in New England – a symposium. Western Massachusetts Herpetological Society. pp. 20-22.

Rutland Daily Herald. 1959. Ludlow Lady is Bitten by Rattlesnake. August 22, 1959.

Sullivan, E. (editor). 1991. A Vermont Scrapbook: Fifty Vermonters Remember. Honeysuckle Imprint, Huntsville, AL. 280 pp.

Swift, E. M. 1977. Vermont Place-Names: Footprints of History. The Stephen Greene Press, Brattleboro, VT. 701 pp.

Thompson, Z. 1853. The Natural History of Vermont. 1972 reprinted edition, Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland, VT. 286 pp.

Titcomb, J. W. 1901. Twentieth Century History of Vermont: Animal Life of Vermont. The Vermonter: A State Magazine. June 1901. pp. 209-214.

Trapido, H. 1940. On finding the Mink Frog in northern Vermont. New England Naturalist 7:11-14.

Trapido, H. 1941. The Timber Rattlesnake in Vermont. New England Naturalist 10:26-27.

Tripp, N. 1988. Moon Over Portland Street, An Ode to Springtime in St. Johnsbury and the Frog Ponds Nearby. Vermont Life. Spring 1988. pp 20-21.

Ultsch, G. R., T. E. Graham and C. E. Crocker. 2000. An aggregation of overwintering Leopard Frogs (Rana pipiens) and Common Map Turtles (Graptemys geographica) in northern Vermont. Canadian Field-Naturalist 114(2):314-315.

Wadleigh, Rev. F. A. 1867. Arlington. The Vermont Historical Gazetteer, A. M. Hemenway (ed.) 1:122.

Weeks, J. M. 1860. History of Salisbury, Vermont. A. H. Copeland, Middlebury, VT. 362 pp.