Spring Salamander

Gyrinophilus porphyriticus

Identification

The Spring Salamander is one of the larger salamanders in Vermont; it can grow to 8 inches long. It is salmon-pink to reddish with black mottling. White lines outlined in black run from their eyes to their nostrils. Their tails are laterally compressed (like a fish) and all of their legs are thick and strong.

Spring Salamanders lay 16-160 eggs attached to the underside of rocks in the water. Their larvae have feathery external gills and live for up to four years and grow to about 5 inches long before becoming terrestrial.  Some people confuse the larvae with Mudpuppies but Mudpuppies are heavily striped when young and they do not live in mountain streams.

Records in Vermont of Gyrinophilus porphyriticus (Spring Salamander)

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Range/Habitat

The Spring Salamander requires well-oxygenated, cold, clear mountain streams or springs. On rainy nights they feed on land in the vicinity of the steam.

The Spring Salamander is found statewide in or near mountains.

Status

Spring Salamanders have a state natural heritage rank of S4 (relatively common). Please report sightings of this species in Vermont if you have not reported them within the last five years from a given location. Any natural history observations (feeding, migrations, road crossing areas, early or late season appearance, abnormalities, etc.) are appreciated. Photographs are always helpful, particularly if your report is the first report of this species from a town.

Additional Photos

 Photo by Sue Morse. (All photos on this site are © copyright to the photographer and used by permission.)   

More Info

Species summary written by Ariel K. McK. Burgess.