Spotted turtles have a moderately domed carapace (shell covering the back) that is oval and smooth over the top and all the way around. The carapace is black with yellow spots. The plastron (shell covering the belly) is yellow or orange with black on the outer edges of the scutes. They are relatively small, measuring only 4-5 inches in carapace length. Their skin is also dark with yellow spots.
Spotted Turtles are found both on land and in water as they travel within a mosaic of wetlands and uplands. The distribution of this species is scattered and, while extremely rare, populations of this species might be found anywhere in the state. The range map is reduced to county-level to protect the species from poaching.
This species has a state natural heritage rank of S1 (very rare). The Spotted Turtle has been designated a Species of Greatest Conservation Need (high priority) in Vermont’s Wildlife Action Plan, and is endangered in the state. Please report all sightings of this species in Vermont. Take photos if possible. Even historic sighting information is useful.
- Clemmys guttata at Animal Diversity website
- Clemmys guttata at Canadian Herpetological Society website
- Clemmys guttata in the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources’ Wildlife Action Plan: Amphibian & Reptiles (9/25/2015 draft)
Species summary written by Ariel K. McK. Burgess.